CEPAL Releases Overview of Bodies of Water in Latin AmericaBy Sofía Hanna | Fri, 12/18/2020 - 16:58
In the most recent publication by the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (CEPAL), "The outlook for oceans, seas and marine resources in Latin America and the Caribbean" was released with the help of the Norwegian government. It was developed to address the importance of developing solutions and opportunities for bodies of water in this region that are currently underutilized or threatened.
In Latin America and the Caribbean, the reality regarding the bodies of water and sources is that they have extraordinary biodiversity. Twenty-seven percent of their populations live in coastal areas and most of these countries have more marine than terrestrial territory. However, they are still underutilized or treated unsustainably, according to a release from the UN.
These factors have been taken into consideration regularly because achieving the Objective of Sustainable Development 14 is still far into the future. This Objective is to conserve and sustainably use oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development. By doing so, the impact that could have is not only in the bodies of water themselves but also in the people´s diets, according to IS Global.
During the forum, Alicia Bárcena, Executive Secretary of CEPAL, stated, "It is urgent to strengthen marine protected areas, recover and support technology and low greenhouse gas emissions because this will support the blue bioeconomy. We have to promote the transfer of knowledge between countries and strengthen the follow-up of regional multilateral agreements." In order to reach those objectives, the study done helps as an International Planning Frameworks and Activities instrument by introducing new alternate indicators for some of the SDG 14 goals, and by recognizing the oceans as a source of climate change mitigation solutions.
Regarding Mexico, aquaculture is a sector that has contributed significantly to nutrition and economic development. With each passing year, this activity has been recognized at an international level for its commitment to promote sustainable aquaculture and exploitation levels, as reported by MBN.
Mexico has also developed new campaigns and regulations to take advantage of this sector. On Dec. 3, Raúl Elenes Angulo, the head of the National Aquaculture and Fisheries Commission (Conapesca), released the National Fisheries Regularization Campaign 2020-2021, which will help the fishermen inform who they are, where they work and what resources they capture to incorporate them into a national registry, without the intention of increasing fishing effort.
This campaign´s objective is to regularize and catalog the aquaculture activities.