Droughts in Mexico Block Agricultural DevelopmentBy Sofía Hanna | Thu, 05/13/2021 - 16:58
Mexico is currently experiencing a widespread drought and numerous forest fires. To address this problem, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development is currently establishing measures that favor the conservation of natural resources and forbid the use of fire in forests and agricultural areas of the country. So far, the drought has affected 84 percent of the country, putting Mexico in a precarious situation. “Large dams throughout Mexico are at exceptionally low levels, which depletes water resources for drinking, cultivating and irrigating,” says NASA. The head of government of Mexico City, Claudia Sheinbaum, described it as the worst drought in 30 years. These environmental problems show the urgent need to implement new models of production and consumption that favor the global climate, says the International Corn and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT).
The country, however, might see a small reprieve as the natural phenomenon “La Niña” wanes, forecasters to predict that the warming waters will bring much-needed rain.
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- Mexican shrimp exporters are eager to be back in business and could secure over US$262 million thanks to the correct installation and operation of Sea Turtle Excluder Devices. Last year alone, a total of 25,750 tons of wild-caught shrimps were shipped to the US, according to the National Chamber of Fishing and Aquaculture Industries (Canainpesca).
- Mexico’s Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (Sader) estimates an 0.5 percent increase in agriculture, livestock and fish production during 2021. As a result, the country is being recognized as the third-largest agricultural producer in Latin America and the 12th worldwide, according to the Agri-food and Fisheries Information Service (SIAP). However, the country’s severe droughts and wildfires could affect the Ministry’s predictions. As previously reported by MBN, the National Water Commission (Conagua) announced that 83.9 percent of the country is going through a drought. Some of the most affected states are Guerrero, Sonora and Veracruz. For example, Guerrero saw the destruction of 1,000 Ha of its lemon crops due to the drought and forest fires.
- The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development encouraged the use of biologic pest control techniques in order to reduce the use of chemical substances. Mexico is one of the countries that has successfully used these techniques since the beginning of the past century. The general director of Plant Health of Senasica, Francisco Ramírez y Ramírez announced that the pertinent steps are currently being carried out so that July 1 is instituted in Mexico as the National Plant Health Day, in memory of the birth of the first institution dedicated to this matter in 1900.