Global Warming Worsens; What Can be Done?By Sofía Hanna | Fri, 10/22/2021 - 12:26
Climate change is leading to unprecedented meteorological events that are affecting billions across the globe, warns an official report from the World Meteorological Organization (WMO). In its analysis on the state of the climate during 2021, the organization warns that water-associated disasters, particularly floods and droughts, have considerably increased during the past 20 years.
“In 2018, 2.3 billion people were living in countries under water stress and 3.6 billion people faced inadequate access to water at least one month per year. By 2050, the latter is expected to be more than five billion. Also, assuming a constant population, an additional 8 percent of the world’s population in the 2000s will be exposed to new or aggravated water scarcity associated with a 2°C of global warming,” mentioned the WMO report.
According to the report, worldwide, floods constituted 44 percent of the causes of natural disasters between 2000 and 2019, affecting 1.6 billion people. In 2020 alone, there were 23 percent more floods and 18 percent more deaths from these phenomena than the annual average (163 events per year and 5,233 deaths). This type of event is the result of the impact of climate change and social, economic and environmental factors in the different regions of the world, such as population growth, urbanization and deforestation, reports WMO.
Global warming is currently reaching 1.1°C, leading to devastating consequences in all parts of the world, from floods in the EU and China to heatwaves in North America and devastating droughts, as previously reported by MBN. Mexico has seen severe repercussions from these extreme natural disasters. The country simultaneously suffered one of its most severe droughts in history while it had to deal with recurrent floods, caused by more intense rainfall and greater vulnerability, according to the Center for Urban and Environmental Demographics Studies.
Given the situation, it is essential to adopt comprehensive measures to address floods. WMO calls for resilient urban infrastructure and for the management of surface and underground water, rainwater and wastewater following an integral vision of the hydrological cycle.