Mexico Authorizes Import Brazilian EggsBy Jan Hogewoning | Thu, 10/22/2020 - 08:59
Earlier in October, it was announced that the Health, Safety and Quality Service of the Mexican Government (SENASICA) had authorized egg imports from Brazil. The measure is valid for products processed in Brazilian territory. Mexico only started importing eggs in 2012, when it authorized the import of 280 tons from the US. Since then, it has imported eggs from countries including Colombia, Chile and Costa Rica.
Mexico remains the largest per capita consumer of eggs with 22.95kg in 2019. The National Union of Poultry Farmers (UNA) predicts that this year, consumption will continue to rise to a per capita amount of 23.90kg. Mexico’s per capita consumption, Mexico Business wrote earlier this month, is followed by China with 18.90kg, Russia with 18.4kg and Colombia with 16.2kg.
With an estimated 57.4 billion eggs produced in 2018, Mexico ranked as the fourth-largest egg producer worldwide, after China (458 billion), U.S. (109 billion boxes) and India (95 billion). Brazil followed behind Mexico with an estimated number of 53 billion. Between 2008 and 2018, UNA data states national production rose by 21 percent with an average annual growth rate of 1.97 percent. The primary producing areas of the country, according to 2018 data, were: Jalisco (55 percent), Puebla (15 percent), Sonora (8 percent), the Laguna region (5 percent), Yucatan (5 percent), Nuevo Leon (3 percent) and Guanajuato (2 percent).
In May 2020, it was reported that UNA was carrying out trials with the US Animal and Plant Health Inspection Services (APHIS) and Food Safety and Inspection Services (FSIS) to declare Sonora, Sinaloa and the Yucatan peninsula as avian influenza free zones. This would open an opportunity to export eggs to southern US. The avian influenza AH7N3 remains a critical threat to exports. It was estimated that after the disease affected numerous farms in Jalisco in 2012, Mexico missed out on an estimated US$1 billion worth of exports over the next five years. It was not until January 2018, that the EU reopened its frontiers for imports of Mexican eggs powder, El Economista reported at the time. Former President of the IEC César de Anda Molin advised that a more robust framework of good practices for production had to be implemented in the private sector.
In May 2020, Genaro Bernal, Director General of the National Council of Producers of Balances Foods and Animal Nutrition (CONAFAB), emphasized that poultry is one of the strategic sectors for feeding Mexico’s population.