Mexico’s Aquaculture in the Global MarketBy Sofía Hanna | Fri, 11/27/2020 - 17:22
The Mexican aquaculture sector has contributed to the nutrition of thousands of people, as well as the economic development of the region through products, exports and job creation. Since the past century, this activity has grown to be recognized at an international level.
Aquaculture is the sector that focuses on the production of fresh and saltwater fish through harvest and ponds that are cared for by marine biologists, zootechnical doctors and fisheries engineers. Nowadays, Jalisco, Veracruz, Sinaloa and Sonora are the main states to practice aquaculture. The goal now is to practice aquaculture in a sustainable, economic and environmental way, reports Agronoticias.
According to FAO, Mexican aquaculture can be divided into three main practices:
- Repopulation aquaculture, which includes harvesting in various water bodies such as lagoons, lakes, rivers and reservoirs.
- Subsistence aquaculture, which implies the use of small bodies of water to harvest as much as possible using the species that can grow in this sort of environment.
- Commercial aquaculture, which focuses on obtaining as much product as possible by using external factors like fertilizers and special nourishments.
Each one of these can be managed in three main ways, depending on the level of human intervention: extensive, semi-intensive and intensive. Dividing by type of environment, production in Brackishwater was 6,784 tons in 2018, in freshwater of 69,600 tons and in marine environments of 170,807 tons based on the latest data from FAO. Nowadays, one of Mexico’s flagship exports is shrimp, which is mainly sent to the US.
Mexico’s aquaculture sector has evolved to be recognized by FAO and the nations that conform it. In the last meeting of FAO’s Subcommittee on Aquaculture, Mexico was chosen as the meeting president. This shows Mexico is being lauded for its commitment to promote sustainable aquaculture. "The United States of Mexico recognizes that public policy for fisheries and aquaculture, as well as its continuous improvement, must be based on instruments such as the Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries, objectives of sustainable development, the ecosystem approach to aquaculture and blue growth, among others, as well as applicable national and international laws and efforts made by international organizations such as the World Organization for Animal Health," states a release by CONAPESCA. Mexico remains at the forefront as one of the leading technology developers in shaping the future of animal health, mentioned Agronoticias.