More Improvements in Mexican AgricultureBy Sofía Hanna | Thu, 04/15/2021 - 14:35
Women from rural communities represent more than a third of the world’s population and 43 percent of the agricultural workforce. According to the National Occupation and Employment Survey (ENOE, 2019), in Mexico, 52 percent of women and 48 percent of men aged 15 years and older live in rural areas. Among them, only 34 percent are part of the Economically Active Population, reported the National Institute of Women. So far, new achievements have benefitted women from rural communities in Mexico in 2021, including The Hunger Project’s “Sowing Opportunities: Right to Land and Gender Equality in the Mexican Countryside” and the installation of the national chapter of #MujeresRurales, #MujeresConDerechos (#RuralWomen, #WomenWithRights) campaign in Mexico. It has always been a priority to help this group of women, but this has been one of the most affected groups during the COVID-19 pandemic.
The main objective of projects like these is to raise awareness of the challenges faced by rural, indigenous and Afro-descendant women in the region to achieve their full autonomy and value their role in achieving food security and nutritious and sustainable diets. The idea is to inform people about activities, projects and public policies that promote effective mechanisms for the participation and empowerment of rural women and their organizations.
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- Applied science and technology have become pillars for the agribusiness and food sector, especially in Mexico. Various strategies are being developed by associations including the International Corn and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) and companies like Google that develop tools to evolve the sector and highlight certain aspects of Mexican culture. CIMMYT is promoting the transfer of the nixtamalization technique to Africa as a fundamental tool for nutrition, health and food security for families of that continent. Meanwhile, Google Mexico recently released the “De México con Amor” (From Mexico With Love) project in Oaxaca that will help the state become the first Mexican state to position and georeference its gastronomic and artisan culture.
- Does an online supermarket with a delivery program that claims groceries will be delivered at your doorstep in less than 10 minutes seem realistic in Mexico City’s context? A pilot from a Colombian online supermarket called Merqueo started to operate in Mexico City in the Benito Juarez, Miguel Hidalgo and Alvaro Obregon municipalities. “Latin America has gone through a massive adoption of digital services, including e-groceries, during the lockdowns. For example, online groceries in Mexico had penetration rates of less than 2 percent pre-COVID-19. Today, this rate has probably doubled,” said Founder and CEO of Jüsto, Ricardo Weder. Merqueo aims to offer a diverse range of services for clients at affordable prices for medium socioeconomic levels.
- The effects of climate change have motivated several producers in the San Luis Potosi area to seek and test new ways of growing produce. Courses to train producers have been launched by the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT). In these courses, they also promote water and soil conservation activities to adapt to new environmental conditions. For this spring-summer 2021 agricultural cycle, CIMMYT will seek to promote sustainable practices that make more efficient the use of natural resources.