UN’s World Hunger Report, How is Mexico Doing?By Sofía Hanna | Wed, 07/14/2021 - 17:19
UN report "The year of the pandemic, dominated by a rebound in world hunger," shows that Mexico had an economic downturn driven by climate-related disasters. The report also forecasts what hunger might look like by 2030 in a scenario further complicated by the enduring effects of the COVID-19 pandemic and the first global assessment of food insecurity and malnutrition for 2020.
The report states that for Mexico to transform its food systems, the country needs to develop an inter-sectoral approach. The UN also claims that dialogue and advocacy are essential to generate political commitment and broad support for the transformation of the country’s food systems. The report acknowledges that Mexico is making efforts to face the current crisis thanks to its "community-based forest management project designed to address and overcome problems linked to deforestation and forest degradation in rural communities of marginalized forest areas in Campeche, Chiapas and Oaxaca.” The UN recognizes the project’s successful results and environmental benefits by stating that “Total assets have increased 15 percent and particularly productive assets 41 percent, reflecting investments in business enterprises and improvements in the domain of economic mobility."
The UN highlights the project CADENA in Mexico, a link for humanitarian aid between vulnerable communities and concerned citizens that aims to change the realities and generating autonomous and resilient communities. This project has scaled up smallholder access to agricultural insurance, which promotes the engagement of the private insurance sector in small-scale agriculture and provides insurance coverage for a wide variety of climate-related risks.
However, Mexico could strengthen its fight against food insecurity by enabling diverse agri-food systems, validating sustainable practices, doubling the productivity of their seeds, building resilience and ensuring positive human health benefits from diversified diets, reads the report. These measures to diversify the country’s food base could support the establishment of new food aids.
In Mexico, hunger and malnutrition have reached critical levels, warns the report. Moreover, the UN warns of climate variability and extremes and economic slowdowns and downturns, which could exacerbate “the underlying causes of poverty and very high and persistent levels of inequality."
The Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development (SADER), Víctor Villalobos Arámbula, has highlighted that Mexico could eradicate poverty through food security, which in turn an essential role not in national security and in future development opportunities, as reported in an MBN article.