The Ministry of Agrarian, Territorial and Urban Development (SEDATU) reported that just over 56% of Mexican households have access to public transportation infrastructure. Increasing access is yet another challenge to properly guarantee the human right to access sustainable, safe and equitable mobility solutions.
While developing the new National Strategy for Mobility and Road Safety (ENAMOV), Mexico’s government recognized that the widespread lack of access is worrying. The country’s working population suffers the most since an average person spends more than two hours commuting to work. SEDATU and the Ministry of Infrastructure, Communications and Transportation (SICT) agreed that making a change requires political commitment on both the federal and the local level to alter urban planning efforts.
Both ministries highlighted a strategy to address the issue by reforming laws that regulate public housing credit institutions to ensure workers' access to schools, health services, recreational spaces and access main roads, all within a radio of no more than 2.5km.
According to SICT’s Director General for Technical Services, Vinicio Serment, and Director for Federal Auto Transport, Nohemí Muñoz, urban planning must be improved. This would positively impact the public transportation systems by making them more efficient and reducing accidents on federal highways. According to Muñoz, over 87% of the country’s goods are transported on highways therefore improving roads that connect urban centers is key.
Álvaro Lomelí, General Coordinator of Metropolitan Development and Mobility, SEDATU, highlighted that Mexico records over 16,000 deaths due to car accidents a year.
Oliver Bouvet, Transformation Experience Officer, Mobility ADO, said Santa Fe in Mexico City is an example of how not to develop a new district. Santa Fe houses around 87,500 people and has a significant number of offices and commercial centers, though the car is the only transportation system able to reach the area.
Bouvet also noted that over 80 percent of the public investment is destined for car-centered infrastructure, while only 20 percent of Mexico’s people have private cars. This also has an impact on the environment since cars produce disproportionate amounts of pollution.