Healthy, Safe, Sustainable and Solidary MobilityBy Alejandro Enríquez | Fri, 06/26/2020 - 07:00
The federal government presented the Movilidad 4S (Mobility 4S) plan that will govern the new normal. The strategy was elaborated by SEDATU, the Ministry of Health, SCT and SEMARNAT, in partnership with WHO and PHO.
"The urgency of adapting our societies and cities to reactivate the economy in a healthy, safe, sustainable and solidary has guided a group of organizations, associations, consultancy firms, researchers and activists to elaborate this mobility plan towards a new normal," said the federal government on a statement. More than 100 non-governmental organizations participated in the elaboration of the strategy.
The 44-page document details "integral solutions" to level up the well-being of the general population in the short term. There are four transversal axis, 12 strategies and seven goals and their corresponding indicators. "The challenge is to learn to live with each other and COVID-19," the document says.
On the health axis, strategies include expanding sidewalks, promoting emerging bike lanes and safe public transportation. You can read more about emerging bike lanes in Mexico City here. The use of bicycles will gain special relevance since it can also help to overcome other health risks in the country, including obesity, heart diseases and other ailments, while ensuring safe social distancing among users.
On the safety and security front, strategies include speed limits, as well as strategic and safe environments. According to the federal government, pedestrians represent as far as 29 percent of the total population and 43 percent of the deaths caused by traffic accidents.
On the sustainability axis, strategies to control cars and motorcycles will be explored, as well as parking spots based on schedules and home-office schemes. The goal is to reduce 22 percent of greenhouse gas emissions by 2030, in line with the Paris Agreement regarding climate change. "In urban sustainability, it has been noted that multifunctional spaces increase a city's resilience," the document states.
As for solidarity and well-being, the document acknowledges that the pandemic will bring an unprecedented economic crisis that will mean a GDP reduction of around 8.8 percent and 1.4 million job losses in the country. As a consequence, strategies favor last-mile logistics, parking spaces and street spaces to foster local consumption and increase the offer and frequency of public transportation.
Key indicators for these strategies include a public transportation occupation of around 35 percent in peak hours, intervention in high-demand pedestrian crossings and redistribution of schedules in people and goods transportation. Cities like Puebla, Monterrey (specifically San Pedro Garza Garcia), Guadalajara and Mexico City are already aligning some of their projects to these strategies.