The Logistical Impact of DN-III-EBy Pedro Alcalá | Tue, 05/05/2020 - 16:34
President López Obrador announced the implementation of the DN-III-E program to support Mexico’s national health system in response to COVID-19, according to a report from Milenio. The program represents the implementation of new emergency protocols that could have unexpected effects on the logistics surrounding the Mexican economy’s day-to-day operations.
The DN-III-E plan is specifically designed by the armed forces to provide assistance to civilians in the event of a natural disaster. It is not a plan that in any way responds or is related to a desire from the federal government or the military to extend their powers or in any way suspend any legal rights or institutional obligations. It was first designed to structure the armed forces response to the flooding of the Panuco River in 1966. Its most recent and visible implementation was during the earthquakes of September 2017. Back then, its implementation represented the mobilization of 3,428 military units in Mexico City and, according to a report from Excelsior, 3,265 military units in the additionally affected states of Oaxaca, Chiapas and Tabasco.
The main logistical impact of DN-III is that it rearranges the chain of command within public infrastructure and services. It gives leadership priority to SEDENA personnel. SEDENA leader Luis Cresencio Sandoval explains that the plan grants SEDENA control of a total of 32 INSABI hospitals and 48 operational units that were refurbished for the treatment of COVID-19 patients. This is in addition to a total of 117 existing facilities, 16 of which are in the Mexico Valley and that represent 1,574 hospital beds reserved for COVID-19 patients. Another important logistical impact is in personal protective equipment (PPE) distribution networks and those of other medical equipment, where the military will now get to exert a wider influence without taking away any commercial rights from any individual or company.