Mexico City, AMIA Join Forces to Reduce Vehicle PollutionBy Jorge Ramos Zwanziger | Tue, 04/27/2021 - 17:17
Automobility accounts for 25 percent of Mexico City’s total emissions, explains Greenpeace, but the local government wants to address this problem in collaboration with the Mexican Automotive Industry Association (AMIA). Both institutions aim to create several mobility projects that allow the reconfiguration of the city, reports El Economista. What is the goal? That the vehicles that transit Mexico City are less polluting to the environment.
Cars were used in 22 percent of trips in Mexico City, with 4.3 million trips per day during 2020, according to the “Mexico City Road Safety Integral Program: 2020-2024 Diagnosis” from the Ministry of Mobility (SEMOVI). Most of these trips represented work commutes, where people traveled alone. The report reveals that 58.2 percent of all vehicles in Mexico City are cars and 14.5 percent are SUVs. On the other hand, other transportation vehicles such as public buses and the Metrobus account only for 1.3 percent of all vehicles in the city, a key reason for which the Urban Mobility Index ranks Mexico as the city with the worst traffic in its Traffic Congestion Index. The Index states that 26.54 percent of Mexico City’s roads are congested at peak traffic times, from 6 am to 8 am and from 4 pm to 8 pm.
The Mayor of Mexico City, Claudia Sheinbaum, has held meetings with the private automotive sector to address projects that were in place before the pandemic began. The Mexican Ministry of the Environment has also been very participative, claimed Sheinbaum, as this affects the environment. “Many of these works are being taken up by the Ministry of the Environment; we have been discussing [these projects] since 2019. Our goal is that transiting vehicles in Mexico City are increasingly cleaner,” she said.
Andrés Lajous Loaeza, Minister of Mobility, explained to El Economista that Mexico City plans to reduce automobile pollution 30 percent by 2024 through strategies that include the promotion of EV and shared trips, as most of the daily trips in the City involve a lone driver. A less polluted environment is important for the country, which is undergoing a serious drought. During April, 84 percent of the country saw droughts, with varying degrees of severity, reports El País. Moreover, throughout 2020 rainfall was unable to fill all the system's dams and now more than half of Mexico’s 210 dams are below 50 percent of their capacity and 61 dams are in a critical condition with less than 25 percent water.