Oil Companies Slowly Getting Out of RussiaBy Karin Dilge | Wed, 03/09/2022 - 16:01
Two major IOCs have divested their considerable holdings and commitments in Russian oil and gas companies as a direct response to Russia’s movements in Ukraine, according to top executives. BP has announced that it would abandon its participation in Russian NOC Rosneft, equivalent in stock holdings to 19.75 percent of the Russian company. BP’s announcement was followed by Norway’s Equinor on Monday, which claimed that its board of directors “has decided to stop new investments in Russia and to start the process of exiting Equinor’s Russian joint ventures.”
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The NOC reported a net loss of US$6.05 billion in 4Q21 and explained the losses were due to higher taxes and currency exchange rates despite more oil output. PEMEX will likely require big cash input from the government to counter its losses.
According to a paper published by IMCO, PEMEX’s fuel oil production is the highest in a decade with results for 2021 showing production of 244Mb/d, which was 38.6 percent higher than the results from 2020 and 62.7 percent above those from 2019. The production increase is still ongoing, with fuel oil already flooding the NOC’s terminals.
In comparison to other state oil companies, PEMEX performed the best in terms of CAPEX and EBITDA. However, among the companies mentioned by Antonio López Velarde, Financial Director, PEMEX, Mexico’s NOC was the only one to register losses in 2021.
In an effort to avoid conflict with Mexican authorities, Braskem made a pact with PEMEX to invest US$400 million in ethane storage and import terminals. These, however, will not alter the 15 year-long contracts between the two companies. However, raw material purchases from the NOC will depend on production.
Due to a fertilizer shortage provoked by the conflict between Russia and Ukraine, PEMEX will cover the country’s demand gap by delivering 352,000 tons of fertilizers to small agricultural producers as part of its “Fertilizers for Well-Being” program. Russia is one of the main producers of fertilizers globally and is Mexico’s main source of imported fertilizers.